Are Corporate Sustainability Initiatives Worth the Cost?

corporate sustainability
corporate sustainability

Are Corporate Sustainability Report Initiatives Worth the Cost?

Sustainability initiatives have been gaining popularity in recent years as organizations become more conscientious of their environmental impact. However, many businesses are still unsure whether the benefits of these programs justify the costs. In this article, we will explore the costs and benefits of sustainability initiatives to determine whether they are worth the investment.

The Costs of Sustainability Initiatives

Like any initiative, there are costs to implementing sustainability programs. These costs can range from employee training on sustainability practices to investing in energy-efficient technologies.


While these costs will vary depending on the company and the specific sustainability initiative, they can generally be broken down into four categories:


  1. Set-Up Costs
  2. Operational Costs
  3. Opportunity Costs
  4. Sunk Costs


Now, let’s talk about these categories in a bit more depth.

1. Set-Up Costs

These are the one-time costs associated with getting a sustainability initiative off the ground—everything from planning to implementation.


They can include things like:


  • employee training
  • policy development
  • technology investment


Often, set-up costs are the most expensive part of starting a sustainability initiative. However, they are also typically the only costs that need to be incurred upfront. Once a program is up and running, the associated costs typically decrease.

2. Operational Costs

Operational costs are the ongoing costs associated with sustaining a sustainability program. They can include costs like:


  • energy usage
  • waste disposal
  • materials and supplies
  • employee time


Operational costs are usually more manageable than setup costs and can often be offset by the savings generated by the sustainability initiative.

3. Opportunity Costs

Opportunity costs are the potential benefits that are foregone by investing in a sustainability initiative. For example, a company might choose to invest in solar panels instead of a new marketing campaign. The opportunity cost would be the potential revenue that could have been generated by the marketing campaign.


Opportunity costs can be difficult to quantify, but they should be considered when making the decision to invest in a sustainability initiative.

4. Sunk Costs

Sunk costs are the costs that have already been incurred and cannot be recovered. For example, if a company has already invested in solar panels, the cost of the panels would be considered a sunk cost.


Sunk costs should not be considered when making the decision to invest in a sustainability initiative because they have already been incurred and cannot be recovered. However, it can often be difficult to move past sunk costs due to attachments we feel to the time and resources invested in them.



Of course, the costs incurred will differ for every company. However, estimates suggest that the average company spends between 0.5% and 2% of its revenue on sustainability initiatives. So, for a company with $10 million in revenue, that would be $50,000 to $200,000 per year.

sustainability cost breakdown

Setup costs usually make up the majority of the costs associated with sustainability initiatives, at around 65% (on average). Once the initiative is implemented, the operational costs of maintaining it are far lower.

So, in other words, the sustainability initiatives are costly upfront, but relatively inexpensive to maintain.

The Benefits of Sustainability Initiatives

There are numerous benefits associated with sustainability initiatives, both for businesses and for society as a whole. But here, we’re only interested in the business side of things—specifically the benefits associated with a business’ bottom line, including:

cost Summary
  1. Increased Efficiency
  2. Improved Brand Reputation
  3. Increased Investment Exposure

Let’s take a closer look at these benefits of sustainability initiatives:

1. Increased Efficiency

Sustainability initiatives often lead to increased efficiency in the use of energy, water, and other resources. This can fulfil the dual-purpose of saving businesses money and helping them reduce their environmental impact.

Safe Energy estimates that the average SME can cut their costs by at least 10% implementing a few, simple efficiency-focused policies. And this number is far higher for large companies. In large offices, replacing old boilers equates to a 30% decrease in energy costs.

All told, these changes can make a big impact on your bottom line—every 20% increase in operational efficiency is roughly equivalent to a 5% increase in sales revenue. Who could turn that down?

2. Improved Brand Reputation

Customers are increasingly interested in patronising businesses that have a positive impact on society and the environment. In fact, 73% of millennials would pay more for sustainable goods, according to one study.

What’s more, sustainability initiatives can help businesses attract top talent. A study from IBM found that 71% of millennials consider a company’s social and environmental commitments when deciding where to work.

So, by investing in sustainability, businesses can improve their brand reputation and attract the best and brightest employees.

3. Increased Investment Exposure

Sustainable investing has grown exponentially in recent years, with assets under management increasing from $13 trillion in 2012 to over $41 trillion in 2022. This trend is only set to continue, with a recent study finding that sustainable investing could make up 50% of all professionally managed assets by 2050.

What does this mean for businesses? Well, by investing in sustainability initiatives, businesses can increase their exposure to this rapidly growing asset class and attract the attention of sustainable investors.

This is becoming increasingly important as more and more investors consider environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors when making investment decisions.

So, Are Sustainability Initiatives Worth It?

There is no easy answer to this question. Every business is different, and there are a variety of factors that need to be considered when making the decision to invest in a sustainability initiative.

That said, the benefits of sustainability initiatives—both financial and non-financial—are becoming increasingly difficult to ignore. And as consumers and other stakeholders continue to demand more socially and environmentally responsible businesses, the pressure on companies to adopt sustainability initiatives will only continue to grow.

Some helpful advice

When you’re ready to share your sustainability journey with stakeholders, Sandpaper is here to help. We work with businesses—large and small—to create beautiful sustainability reports that communicate, inspire, and inform.


About the Author

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Based in Dubai for over 10 years, Peter is the founder of and
A trusted authority on digital marketing Peter is passionate about helping SMEs grow their business in the Gulf region.
When he’s not in the office Peter enjoys playing squash, often more times than his knees can cope.

About Sandpaper

At Sandpaper We have been around long enough to realize the importance of good report writing, research, and design. A thoroughly planned and executed report builds loyalty and trust among stakeholders.
In the 10 years of service, Sandpaper has managed a stay ahead of its competition; by developing and adapting to changes in both the global and local corporate landscape in the United Arab Emirates.


Annual Reports : Sustainability/Environmental, Financial/AGM, Impact and special focus.

Sustainability Reports, Annual Reports 90%
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